Physicians and surgeons are entrusted with the responsibility of treating illnesses and injuries, they examine all sorts of patients and take down their medical histories, thereafter prescribe the recommended medications.
Well so far so good, this is only the first line of intervention thus far, essentially physicians need to order or even perform at times, and thereafter interpret the diagnostic tests. Even then their job is not finished, they carry out the all-important task of counseling their patients on various important matters. They educate their patients on preventive healthcare, hygiene, and diet as well.
Surgeons on the other hand deftly operate on such patients who have been traumatised by broken bones, cancerous tumours, deformities like cleft palates. Physicians vary from speciality to speciality and come with respective degrees, varying from, MD, medical doctors to DO, Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine.
Their approach to the mode of treatment is similar to a very large extent, be it drugs or surgery however as the later specializes in the musculoskeletal system they place additional emphasis on the same, besides adopting a whole person or holistic approach. Primary care physicians double up as experts in multiple specialities to serve their patients best, as they are the ones with whom the patients initially come in contact, depending on the severity patients are later referred to specialists and super specialists.